Rollie Lal is an Associate Professor at the Elliott School of International Affairs where she teaches graduate courses on Transnational Security, Foreign Policy, and International Political Economy. Her research focuses on organized crime, terrorism, religious extremism, energy, China, South Asia, and other areas. Previously Dr. Lal was Associate Professor at the U.S. Department of Defense’s Asia Pacific Center for Security Studies. Dr. Lal also served as Assistant Professor at the Vlerick Leuven Gent Management School in Gent, Belgium and St. Petersburg, Russia, where she taught MBA courses on international business management and risk analysis. From 2002-06 Dr. Lal was a political scientist at RAND, where she performed research and analysis on a wide spectrum of economic and security issues. She is the author of several books, including Terrorist Criminal Enterprises, Understanding China and India, Central Asia and Its Asian Neighbors, Iran's Political, Demographic, and Economic Vulnerabilities, and The Muslim World After 9/11. She was a correspondent for the Japanese newspaper The Yomiuri Shimbun in the 1990s and has published articles in other newspapers including The Financial Times and The New York Times. Dr. Lal received her Ph.D. in International Relations and her M.A. in Strategic Studies and International Economics from The Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies, and her B.A. in Economics from the University of Maryland at College Park.